As a member of Pakistan's delegation to
the United Nation in 1957, at the age of 29 years, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
addressed the Sixth Conference of the United Nations on "The Definition of
Aggression", a speech which is still regarded as one of the best on the
As a participant at the International Conference in Geneva, Switzerland in
March, 1958 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto spoke for mankind with the bold declaration:
"The High Seas are free to all." He was the youngest Federal Cabinet member
in the history of Pakistan, at the age of 30. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto held the
key portfolios of Minister of Commerce, Minister of Information, Minister of
National Reconstruction, Minister of Fuel, Power and Natural Resources
before becoming the Foreign Minister. As Minister of Fuel, Power and Natural
Resources, he signed a path breaking agreement for exploration of oil and
gas with Russia in 1960. He set up a Gas and Mineral Development Corporation
in 1961 and Pakistan's first refinery in 1962 at Karachi.
Bhutto emerged on the world stage as Leader of the Pakistan Delegation to
the UN in 1959. To muster the support for Kashmir issue he successfully
toured China, Britain, Egypt and Ireland. He also held a series of talks
with the Indian Foreign Minister Swaran Singh.
He was appointed Foreign Minister in 1963 and remained at that post until
his resignation in June 1966. Bhutto made indelible imprints on world
community by his inimitable oratorical skills in United Nation's General
Assembly and the Security Council. He had the vision to build a strategic
relationship with China at a time when it was isolated. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
believed in an independent Foreign Policy which had hitherto been the hand
maiden of the Western Powers.
During his tenure as Foreign Minister,
Pakistan and Iran cemented a special relationship. His opposition to the
Tashkent accord between India and Pakistan led to his resignation from the
government. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto believed in a Foreign Policy of bilateralism
in which no state would be entitled to interfere in Pakistan's relations
with other states.
During his student days, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto had acquired an
anti-Imperialist view of the world. He was a firm believer in economic self
reliance and political independence themes he expounded in his famous book
"Myth of Independence". Bhutto's finest hour came in the reconstruction of
Pakistan after the traumatic dismemberment of Pakistan upon the fall of
Dhaka on 16th December, 1971. He successfully put the derailed nation back
on the track by rebuilding national institutions. His lasting achievement
was the unanimous adoption of the Constitution in 1973. He established the
Pakistan Steel Mills, Heavy Mechanical Complex Taxila, Port Qasim Authority,
Quaid-e-Azam University, Allama Iqbal Open University, Karachi Nuclear Power
Plant; thus, fortifying the prosperity, integrity and security of Pakistan.
Using his experience as Foreign Minister, Bhutto cemented Pakistan's
relation with Afro-Asian and Islamic countries and by 1976 had emerged as
the Leader of the Third World. As an author, he brilliantly advocated the
cause of hewers of wood and drawers of water of the Third World.
Bhutto was the founder of Pakistan's Nuclear Program. Under his guidance and
leadership as Minister for Fuel, Power and Natural Resources, President and
Prime Minister, Pakistan developed into the unique Muslim State with a
nuclear capability for which he paid with his life. In his book "If I am
Assassinated" written from the Death Cell, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto revealed how
Kissinger had said "We will make an example of you".
The Pakistan People's Party won the
elections held in 1977 with a large majority; but the conspirators soon
joined hands with Zia-ul-Haq at the behest of foreign powers who feared
Bhutto's capacity of uniting the Third World countries and sought to punish
him for developing Pakistan's nuclear capacity, and imposed Martial Law upon
the country on 5th July, 1977.
Soon afterwards, Bhutto was arrested and
on 18th March, 1978, was sentenced to death in a politically motivated
murder trial. The majority of original Court was for acquittal but was
whittled down to a 4-3 verdict by the retirement of two judges. Despite
appeals of clemency from several world leaders, Bhutto was executed on 4th
April, 1979. The great leader of downtrodden masses and a visionary of
unparalleled charisma will forever be remembered by his countrymen as
Quaid-e-Awam (Leader of the Masses).