Pakistan Peoples Party -
Past and Present
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto to Benazir Bhutto
5 Sep 1965
Pakistan fought war with India and gained some ground in Kashmir.
22 Sep 1965
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto addressed UN Security Council and pleaded Pakistan's
case and won the hearts of Pakistanis. He became hero overnight.
5th January 1966
Tashkent declaration was signed. President Ayub developed differences with
Z. A. Bhutto because he was not in favour of this agreement. People of
Pakistan considered this agreement a sell off.
18th June 1966
President Ayub announced that Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was ill and had proceeded
on long leave.
22nd June 1966
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto traveled by train from Rawalpindi to Lahore after
quitting foreign ministry. He was warmly received by a gathering of seventy
thousand people at Lahore railway station.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was asked by intelligence agencies not to enter politics
and keep himself away from presidential election in 1970. He refused. This
was the time when he decided to form a political party.
27th February 1967
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto disassociated himself from convention Muslim League.
23rd June 1967
Bhutto announced to hold public meeting at Goal Bagh Lahore. His meeting was
disrupted showing Government nervousness.
17th September 1967
After touring the country and addressing gatherings in different cities,
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto announced that be had decided to form a new political
party: Pakistan Peoples Party. After this announcement he started another
tour of the country to muster support for his proposed party.
30th November 1967
Pakistan Peoples Party was founded in a convention in Lahore. Four hundred
participants elected Zulfikar Ali Bhutto its chairman. Mr. J. A. Rahim, Mr.
Abdul Waheed Kapar, Khurshid Hussan Mir, Sheikh Muhammad Rashid, Hayat
Muhammad Sherpao, Amanullah Khan, Miraj Muhammad Khan, Haq Nawaz Gandapur,
Dr. Mubasher Hussein, Begum Abad Ahmed, Begum Shaheen Ramay, Begum Anwar
Ghalib, Malik Hamid Sarfraz, Ghazi Zaka ud din, Comrade Ghulam Ahmed, Rafiq
Ahmed Bajwa, Syed Omer Khan, Mian Muhammad Iqbal and Mir Hameed Hussan
attended this convention. Aslam Gurdaspuri recited his poem. Three coloured
Red, Black and Green flag was approved as party flag.
9th Dec 1967
PPP Chairman Bhutto issued first manifesto in Karachi and announced the
commencement of membership campaign. The PPP manifesto contained four
Islam is our religion
Democracy is our politics
Socialism is our economy
Power lies with the people
18th Jan 1968
Govt. felt threatened. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's entourage was attacked, when he
was going to address Khanewal Bar Association. Bhutto continued his tour and
addressed different gatherings in different cities. He continued this mass
contact campaign till 13th November 1968.
7th Nov 1968
Student procession was attacked at Polytechnic College, Peshawar Road,
Rawalpindi. Police opened fire and killed one student, Abdul Hameed.
8th Nov 1968
Rawalpindi City was handed over to Army. Z.A. Bhutto announced his support
for the student's demands.
10th Nov 1968
President Ayub escaped narrowly from an attempt on his life by a young man,
13th Nov 1968
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto along with his comrades was arrested under Defence of
Pakistan rules, 1965, section 33-B
14th Nov 1968
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's detention was challenged in the West Pakistan High
Court. A division bench comprising Mr. Justice Moulvi Mushtaq Hussain and
Justice Qazi Gul Muhammad heard this petition.
19th Nov 1968
Air Marshal Muhammad Asghar Khan led agitation after Z.A. Bhutto's,
2nd December 1968
High Court declared detention of Ghulam Mustafa Khan and Ahmed Raza Kasuri
12th December 1968
Court decided to hear Bhutto's case in camp jail, Lahore.
7th January 1969
Malik Meraj Khalid tried to present a resolution in West Pakistan Assembly,
popularly known as 'Crises of Conscience'. He was stopped. He resigned from
the Convention Muslim league.
9th to 15th January 1969
Special bench of West Pakistan High Court heard Mr. Z.A. Bhutto's case and
postponed it till 23rd January.
6th February 1969
Mrs. Nusrat Bhutto withdrew petition challenging Z.A. Bhutto's detention.
But court ruled that the petition was filed under Constitutions article 198.
10th February 1969
Court ordered to shift Zulfikar Ali Bhutto to Larkana and put him under
12th February 1969
Court allowed Mrs. Nusrat Bhutto to withdraw her petition challenging
Bhutto's detention. Bhutto was shifted to Larkana.
13th February 1969
PPP Sindh zone President Abdul Waheed Katpar announced that Zulfikar Ali
Bhutto would start hunger strike from 14th February if emergency were not
withdrawn. On the same day PPP formed a security wing, the Peoples Guard.
14th February 1969
Mr. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto along with Ghulam Mustafa Khar, Dr. Mubasher Hassan,
Abdul Waheed Katper, Nisar Muhammad Khan and Shakir Ali Junejo started
hunger strike. Govt. immediately withdrew defense of Pakistan rules and
released Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Govt. also invited politicians for round table
18th February 1969
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto along with Air Marshal Asghar Khan, Maulana Bhashani,
Gen. (R) Azam and Justice Murshad (East Pakistan) rejected the invitation
for round table conference.
26th February 1969
Round Table Conference was held. Bhutto and Maulana Bhashani boycotted.
10th March 1969
Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rahman participated in second round of conference after
withdrawal of Agartala conspiracy case. After two days, Round Table
Conference ended without any significant result.
16th March 1969
PPP and National Awami Party entered into an election alliance. After few
days Pakistan Islamic League and Khaksar Tehrik also joined hands with PPP.
25th March 1969
Gen. Ayub handed over the Govt. to Army Chief Gen. Yahya Khan, bypassing the
Ayubian constitution. He imposed martial law, dissolved assemblies and
banned political activities. From this date till the announcement of General
election, Mr. Bhutto spent his time strengthening PPP's organization.
28th November 1969
Gen. Yahya announced elections under provisional constitutional order, on
5th October 1970. He promised to disband one unit and allow political
activities from first January 1970.
1st January 1970
Political activities were allowed. Bhutto started mass contact campaign. He
addressed big gathering at Nishter Park, Karachi, on 4th January, at
Rawalpindi on 11th January. He led a big procession of forty-five miles from
Dina a town near Jhelum (Punjab) to Gujrat. He toured East Pakistan and
addressed election rallies in different cities.
22nd to 23rd March 1970
Historic Kisan (peasant) conference was held in Toba Tek Singh. It was
attended by NAP, PPP, JUI, Labor Party of Pakistan, Islam league and JUP (Mehmood
28th March 1970
Election schedule was announced. National assembly comprised 313 members for
which election was to be held on 5th October. Election for four provincial
assemblies was to be held on 22 October.
31st March 1970
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was attacked by armed Hurs (follower of Pir Pagaro) and
had a narrow escape.
12th June 1970
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto inaugurated Quetta Office of PPP.
21st to 22nd June 1970
Hari (peasant of Sindh) conference was held in Sukrand, Nawab Shah Sindh.
1st July 1970
One unit was dissolved and provinces of Punjab, Sindh, NWFP and Balochistan
24th July 1970
PPP awarded tickets to Mr. Bhutto for contesting election for six seats of
National Assembly. These seats were from Sindh, Larkana, Thatha, and Badin,
two from Punjab i.e. Lahore and Multan and one from NWFP, Dera Ismail Khan,
Bhutto won all seats except one from Dera Ismail Khan where Mufti Mehmood of
Elections were postponed due to cyclone in East Pakistan till 7th December.
PPP workers were arrested during election campaign. Maulana Bhashani of NAP
boycotted the election due to the sufferings of cyclone victims. This gave a
clear sweep to Awami League.
7th December 1970
One thousand four hundred ninety candidates contested election for 300 seats
of National Assembly. PPP and Awami League emerged as majority winners in
West Pakistan and East Pakistan respectively. PPP won 82 seats out of 138
seats from former West Pakistan, while Awami League won 160 seats out of 162
from former East Pakistan. Awami League had no representation in West
Pakistan while PPP failed to win any seat in East Pakistan. Divided verdict
created a new problem for General Yahya's regime that mishandled the whole
21st December 1970
Bhutto announced that if President Gen. Yahya and Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rehman
reach an agreement on provincial autonomy within the parameters of country's
sovereignty, then there would be no hurdle in making the new constitution
within stipulated time frame of 120 days. (There was a clause in provisional
constitution order, according to which if assembly failed to make
constitution within 120 days of its first meeting, it stood dissolved). That
was the reason Bhutto wanted to settle main issues before the convening of
27th December 1970
Bhutto announced that he would visit East Pakistan and meet Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rehman
31st December 1970
Bhutto postponed his visit due to by-election and sent Ghulam Mustafa Khar
2nd January 1971
Khar met Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rehman and assured him of PPP's cooperation.
11th January 1971
President Yahya declared that he would hand over power to elected
representatives the moment new constitution was framed.
27th January 1971
Bhutto visited East Pakistan and held dialogue with Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rehman
till 29th January 1971 without positive results. Sheikh Mujib ur Rehman
demanded acceptance of six points of Awami League. Bhutto was not ready to
concede independent foreign trade and paramilitary foresees for provinces.
Bhutto told the press that talks were not complete failure and that he
wanted to continue this process till any understanding in reached.
30th January 1971
Indian plane was hijacked and landed at Lahore airport. The two Kashmiri
Hijackers demanded political asylum.
31st January 1971
Pakistan gave political asylum to the hijackers. They released passengers.
Plane was blown up which strained Indo-Pak relation.
14th February 1971
Awami League Central Committee reiterated the six points and eleven points
of student Council as the basis of new constitution.
1st March 1971
Gen. Yahya postponed Assembly session, which was scheduled for 15th March.
He appointed martial law administrators in place of governor.
6th March 1971
National Assembly session was summoned to meet on 25th March. 22nd March
Gen. Yahya again postponed National Assembly session.
26th March 1971
Awami League was banned. Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rehman was arrested. India
threatened Pakistan that if influx of refugees were not stopped, India would
start war against Pakistan.
19th April 1971
India attacked Pakistan border posts. On 3rd July, first air attack was
carried out. Situation worsened, and on 3rd December India declared war. A
full-scale war was imposed on Pakistan.
12th to 15th December 1971
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto represented Pakistan in the Security Council. He
condemned Indian aggression and demanded withdrawal of Indian forces.
16th December 1971
Indian forces entered Dhaka. Gen. Niazi, commander of East Command,
17th December 1971
War ended on both fronts because Pakistan accepted cease-fire.
20th December 1971
Bhutto came back to Islamabad and met Gen. Yahya. Gen. Yahya resigned and
handed over to Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Bhutto took oath as president and Chief
Martial law administrator.
20th December 1971
President Yahya along with Gen. Abdul Hameed, Gen. M.M. Pirzada, Gen. Omer,
Gen. Khudadad Khan and Gen. Mitha were retired. Gen. Gul Hassan was
appointed Army Chief and Air Marshal Rahim Khan as Air Chief.
1st January 1972
Ten basic industries along with mines of precious Swat stone were
nationalized. Nationalized industries included steel and alloy, heavy
engineering, petro-chemical, cement and auto industries.
8th January 1972
Bhutto released Sheikh Mujib ur Rehman. He was flown to London from where he
went to Bangladesh. Ex-President General Yahya was detained at his
30th January 1972
Pakistan left the Commonwealth.
10th February 1972
Labor Policy was announced which included worker's 6% shares in profit,
right of bonuses, free education for children upto 10th class. Firing of
worker on will of master was banned through this policy.
19th February 1972
America restored Pakistan aid program.
1st March 1972
Land reforms were announced. Land ownership was reduced to 500 acres of
irrigated and 1000 acres of arid land.
3rd March 1972
Gen. Gul Hassan and Air Martial Rahim were forcibly retired. Gen. Tikka Khan
and Air Martial Zafar Chaudhary were made Army Chief and Air Chief
15th March 1972
Educational policy was announced. Education up to middle was made
compulsory. Three thousand private educational institutions were
26th March 1972
New Health policy was announced, which was based on preventive measures. To
reduce the prices of medicines, generic names of medicines were adopted.
10th April 1972
Police reforms were announced, to improve working conditions of police
13th April 1972
Judicial reforms were announced, stressing upon speedy justice.
17th April 1972
The National Assembly adopted provisional constitution.
21st April 1972
Martial law was lifted and provisional constitution became law of land.
29th May 1972
Bhutto took an extensive tour of Islamic countries including Middle East.
Due to these tours job opportunities in Middle East countries opened to
2nd July 1972
Simla agreement was signed after dialogues between Bhutto and Indira Gandhi.
9th November 1972
Pakistan left CENTO.
21st March 1973
Identity card scheme was introduced.
30th March 1973
A small group of junior army officers conspired to overthrow the civilian
govt. They were arrested and military court headed by Brig. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
sentenced them to rigorous imprisonment.
10th April 1973
National Assembly unanimously approved the Constitution.
30th July 1973
Pakistan and India signed prisoners of war repatriation agreement.
10th August 1973
Bhutto resigned as President. Ch. Fazal Elahi, speaker National Assembly,
was elected President of Pakistan. He was PPP's candidate. Dr. Mubasher
Hassan was made PPP Secretary Gen. in place of J.A. Rahim.
14th August 1973
New constitution was enforced. Federal parliamentary system was introduced
through this constitution. Z.A. Bhutto became the first Prime Minister of
Pakistan under this new constitution, which is now known as 1973
20th August 1973
Reforms in bureaucracy reforms were introduced. Direct appointments of
higher post were made from University professors.
27th September 1973
Prisoners of war were repatriated. During these months, Bhutto traveled a
lot to win world opinion for release of prisoners of war. He toured America,
Europe and the Middle East.
1st January 1974
Fifteen banks were nationalized. Shipping companies and oil companies were
22-24 February 1974
Islamic Head of State's Conference was held in Lahore. It was decided in
this conference that; Muslim states will play a unified role for
independence of Bait-ul-Maqdus. A combined fund will be created for the
propagation of Islam. Unity among Muslim states will be strengthened.
Resources will be probed to benefit each other. Middle East Islamic states
assured to prefer recruitment of work force from Islamic country. Pakistan
benefited the most from this. An Islamic bank will be established.
22nd February 1974
Bangladesh was recognized by Pakistan. Bhutto later visited Bangladesh.
7th September 1974
National assembly declared Qadianis as non-Muslim minority.
11th November 1974
Armed person attacked Ahmed Raza Kasuri when he was going with his father
Nawab Ahmad Khan. His father was killed in this attack. Ahmad Raza Kasuri
framed Bhutto and got FIR registered against him.
1st December 1974
Bhutto declared Indian Atomic blast a threat for Pakistan and vowed to build
Atomic bomb. He started the nuclear program.
8th February 1975
Hayat Muhammad Sherpao president PPP, NWFP was killed in a bomb blast.
25th March 1975
Bhutto gave the idea of using oil as weapon to Middle Eastern countries.
Shah Faisal used oil as the weapon. Oil supply was reduced. Oil prices were
increased. West felt threatened. Hence Shah Faisal was killed in an armed
23rd October 1975
Pakistan was elected member of UN Security Council. He also advanced an idea
of unity among third world countries for better world economic order.
26th November 1975
National Assembly passed a bill declaring dowry illegal.
20th October 1975
Pension scheme for laborers was announced.
20th February 1976
France signed an agreement for supplying Atomic reprocessing plant to
29th February 1976
Gen. Tikka Khan retired, as Army Chief and Gen. Zia-ul-Haq became the new
chief of Army Staff.
3rd to 4th April 1976
PPP's convention was held in Quetta. In which Bhutto announced abolition of
Sardari System in Balochistan.
17th July 1976
Flourmills and rice mills were nationalized.
25th July 1976
Five lacs acre land of Pat feeder was distributed among peasant free of
10th August 1976
American Secretary of State Henry Kissenger threatened Bhutto to make a
horrible example of him if he carried out the nuclear programme.
4th January 1977
Bhutto announced general election in March 1977, one year before the due
5th January 1977
Through second agriculture reforms, land holding was reduced to 150 acres
irrigated and 300 acres arid. Land required through these reforms was
distributed among landless peasants. Through second labor reforms,
laborers were given right of compensation in case of death, injury or
disability during duty. Pension and group insurance was increased by 25
10th January 1977
National assembly was dissolved. Election schedule was announced. Opposition
parties formed an alliance known as Pakistan National Alliance (P.N.A.).
21st January 1977
Bhutto was elected unopposed, from Larkana.
24th January 1977
PPP announced new election manifesto. Through this manifesto PPP promised to
consolidate reforms made by it during first tenure of power.
16th February 1977
Workers of Pakistan National Alliance clashed with PPP workers. PNA leader
Air Martial (Retd.) Asghar Khan announced in an election meeting that this
was the last year of PPP Government's irrespective of election results.
7th to 8th March 1977
PPP won 154 seats out of 200 in national assembly election. PNA alleged
rigging and boycotted provincial assembly's election.
10th March 1977
PNA started agitation against PPP's Govt. This agitation was supported on
one hand by America and on the other hand by armed forces. (It was proved
afterward by the evidence, which came to light through different means.)
Bhutto offer of dialogues was accepted. Prof. Ghafoor of JI wrote in his
book that when dialogues were almost successful Army took over.
5th July 1977
Pakistan Army took over on the night between 4th and 5th July 1977 at 1:30
a.m., Army moved in, and arrested Prime Minister and his colleagues. Gen.
Zia-ul-Haq announced as Martial-law administrator that:
1. Constitution was held in abeyance.
2. National assembly, Senate and Provincial assemblies were dissolved.
3. Prime Minister, federal ministers, ministers of state, advisors to Prime
Minister, Speakers of national and provincial assemblies, Chairman and Dy.
Chairman Senate, Provincial governors, Chief ministers and the provincial
ministers ceased to hold offices.
4. President Fazal Elahi would continue to work as President of Pakistan.
5. Whole country would be under Martial law. Gen. Zia promised to hold
elections in ninety days.
9th July 1977
Zia declared that PPP would be allowed to contest election to be held in
15th July 1977
Molvi Mushtaq Hussain was appointed the Chief Election Commissioner.
28th July 1977
Gen. Zia went to Murree and met Mr. Bhutto and Mufti Mehmood. After that all
detainees were released.
29th July 1977
Ahmed Raza Kasuri filed a case in court against Bhutto for his father's
2nd August 1977
Election Commissioner announced the 18th October as election date for the
National Assembly elections.
6th August 1977
Bhutto reached Multan, and was given warm welcome. Three miles long
procession was taken out.
8th August 1977
Lahore received Bhutto with open arms reestablishing his popularity.
11th August 1977
A big gathering of people assembled to receive Bhutto in Peshawar was baton
17th August 1977
Gen. Zia said he would transfer power to elected representative on 28th
24th August 1977
Election commissioner allotted election symbols: sword to PPP and plough to
28th August 1977
PPP and PNA presented the list of their candidates to Election Commissioner.
30th August 1977
Air Martial Asghar Khan demanded decision of cases against PPP leaders
before the elections. Some other leaders of PNA even demanded arrest and
prosecution of Mr. Bhutto.
3rd September 1977
Bhutto was arrested from 70 Clifton, Karachi and shifted to Lahore in Nawab
Mehmood Ahmed Khan's murder case. Violent and valiant agitation ensued. PPP
central executive committee met and announced that Bhutto's arrest had
worsened the crisis.
7th September 1977
Mrs. Nusrat Bhutto presided over the Central Executive Committee meeting,
which decided to take part in elections with full force.
13th September 1977
Gen. Zia called a meeting of all the political parties. A PPP delegation
headed by Begum Nusrat Bhutto attended. Zia promised to hold election as per
schedule on 18th October 1977. Same day Bhutto was released on bail.
15th September 1977
Sardar Shaukat Hayat demanded postponement of elections.
17th September 1977
Bhutto was again arrested from Al-Murtaza under Martial-Law order 12.
Besides Bhutto, Mumtaz Ali Bhutto, Ghous Bakhsh Raisani Sheikh Rasheed,
Iqbal Judoon, Dr. Ghulam Hussain, Khalid Malik and Abdul Hafeez Pirzada were
also arrested. Agitation erupted in different cities. Zia said in an
interview that Bhutto's fate would be sealed through military court well
20th September 1977
Supreme Court admitted the petition of Begum Nusrat Bhutto against the
arrest of ten party leaders including Mr. Z.A. Bhutto.
22nd September 1977
Begum Bhutto told a Georgian correspondent that if her party won next month
election, Gen. Zia-ul-Haq would be retired.
23rd September 1977
Supreme Court Chief Justice Yaqub Ali Khan was removed. Judges were asked to
take fresh oath. London Times reported that Justice Yaqub's removal was due
to the fear that he would declare Martial law illegal as per Asma Jilani
case. He had expressed opinion in this regard in his first meeting with Zia
on 5th July 1977. On the same day Begum Bhutto said in an interview that her
party was prepared for election as well as revolution.
25th September 1977
PNA decided in its Quetta meeting that accountability must be completed
29th September 1977
Hyderabad conspiracy case was withdrawn.
29th September 1977
Miss Benazir Bhutto addressed her first public meeting in Sahiwal and warned
that in case of Mr. Bhutto's hanging, water of all the five rivers of
Pakistan will turn red. Same day she was put under house arrest.
1st October 1977
General Zia-ul-Haq announced postponement of elections and banned all
3rd October 1977
Election in Azad Kashmir was also postponed.
9th October 1977
Lahore High Court bench headed by Justice Maulvi Mushtaq Hussain cancelled
Bhutto's bail in Nawab Muhammad Ahmad murder case.
13th October 1977
PNA leaders met Gen. Zia and demanded banning of PPP.
15th October 1977
Agitation took place in Lahore, Islamabad and other big cities. Scores of
PPP workers were arrested and sentenced through military courts.
18th October 1977
F.S.F. Director General and approver in Nawab Muhammad Ahmad Khan's murder
case told the court that Bhutto directed him to eliminate Ahmad Raza Kasuri
and while doing that his father was killed.
24th October 1977
Day to day hearing started in Lahore High Court in Nawab Muhammad Ahmad
Khan's murder case.
10th November 1977
Supreme Court validated Martial law under law of Necessity. Supreme Court
also gave power to amend the constitution to CMLA.
13th November 1977
PPP Central Executive Committee met under the Chairpersonship of Begum
Bhutto and demanded elections by December through a resolution.
30th November 1977
PPP working committee met on 10th anniversary of the party. Begum Bhutto
presided while Maulana Kausar Niazi and Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi were absent.
PPP vowed to continue struggle for release of Mr. Bhutto and the restoration
1st December 1977
PNA delegation met Gen. Zia-ul-Haq. He told them that he would hold election
after the completion of accountability in May or June 1978.
6th December 1977
Through martial law order 25 Chief Election Commissioner was given absolute
power to debar any person from contesting election if he violated public
representative act and other election rules. He was also given power to
investigate the allegation of the rigging of 1977 elections. One the same
day Khan Abdul Wali Khan and other co-accused of Hyderabad conspiracy case
8th December 1977
Supreme Court rejected Bhutto's appeal against Moulvi Mushtaq's appointment
as Acting Chief Justice and Chief Election Commissioner.
16th December 1977
Mrs. Nusrat Bhutto and Benazir Bhutto went to see cricket match between
England and Pakistan. People gathered around them and raised slogan against
military regime. They were baton charged. Mrs. Nusrat Bhutto got head
injury. She was admitted in hospital, and was detained. Benazir Bhutto was
also detained at her residence in Lahore. This was the augury of sufferings,
which they were to face in the coming days.
17th December 1977
Mr. Bhutto was asked to leave courtroom because as per court his behavior
was not proper.
1st January 1978
Hyderabad tribunal was dissolved.
2nd January 1978
Laborers preparing for the Democracy Day (Bhutto's birthday on January 5,
were massacred in colony textile mills Multan. Two hundred to three hundred
5th January 1978
PPP celebrated Bhutto's birthday as 'democracy day' in spite of the fact
that hundred of party workers had been arrested on 4th January 1978.
10th January 1978
Bhutto boycotted court proceeding.
14th January 1978
Gen. Zia formed council of advisors.
24th January 1978
Bhutto refused to present his defence and stated that he had already
disengaged his lawyers.
25th January 1978
Bhutto's statement was recorded in camera proceedings. Before that court
proceedings were open for every one.
2nd February 1978
Five corruption cases were filed in Justice Shafi ur Rehman court against
4th February 1978
Eighty-nine references against PPP ex-MNA's including Begum Nusrat Bhutto
were filed in tribunal, so that they could be debarred from politics.
14th February 1978
Miss Benazir Bhutto was released. She toured the Sindh province.
18th February 1978
Miss Benazir Bhutto was stopped from addressing a public meeting in Nawab
Shah and deported to Karachi.
22nd February 1978
Gen. Zia announced that his regime would hold elections when positive
results could be ensured.
24th February 1978
Maulana Kausar Niazi opposed Miss Benazir Bhutto's entrance in politics and
announced that he would oppose Begum Nusrat Bhutto's plan to impose Miss
Benazir Bhutto on the party.
8th March 1978
Once again scores of PPP workers were arrested. The Army regime announced
that due to expected decision of Nawab Muhammad Ahmad Khan's murder case
these arrests had been made to maintain law and order.
12th March 1978
Begum Nusrat Bhutto was detained.
14th March 1978
PPP's daily Musawat publisher and editor were sentenced to one-year
imprisonment for publishing supplement containing material against martial
18th March 1978
High Court bench headed by Justice Maulvi Mushtaq Hussain sentenced Mr.
Bhutto to death. In spite of large numbers of arrests including Begum Nusrat
Bhutto and Miss Benazir Bhutto, thousands of PPP workers demonstrated
against High Court decision.
25th March 1978
Appeal of Mr. Bhutto against Lahore High Court decision was filed in the
29th March 1978
Gen. Zia imposed ban on political activities for indefinite period.
1st April 1978
Supreme Court started hearing Mr. Bhutto's appeal.
27th April 1978
Noor Muhammad Taraki brought revolution in Afghanistan.
30th April 1978
Police arrested twenty Journalists who were going to start hunger strike to
press their demand of restoration of Musawat publication.
5th May 1978
Pakistan recognized new Afghan govt.
18th-19th May 1978
Mr. Z.A. Bhutto was shifted to Rawalpindi jail. On the same day Kamal Azfar
announced new faction of PPP with Maulana Kausar Niazi as its chairman and
himself as secretary-general.
20th May 1978
Supreme Court's full bench started hearing Mr. Bhutto's appeal against
Lahore High Court verdict.
14th June 1978
A division bench of Sindh High Court declared Miss Bhutto's detention
17th June 1978
Fakhar Zaman's five books were banned by military regime, forcibly lifted
from shops and burnt.
1st July 1978
PPP lawyers filed a case against Maulana Kausar Niazi and pleaded that
Maulana Kausar Niazi was the Information Secretary and had been expelled due
to anti party activities. They requested the court to stop Maulana Kausar
Niazi to pose himself as PPP Chairman. Court accepted the request and issued
5th July 1978
Gen. Zia announced twenty-two members' cabinet including military Generals
and PNA's leaders.
24th July 1978
Army regime published white paper on so-called rigging of 1977 elections.
30th July 1978
Justice Qaisar Khan of Supreme Court who was hearing Bhutto appeals was
6th August 1978
Police raided Yahya Bakhtiar's room in Flashman Hotel, Lahore, and searched
it without any warrant. He informed the court on the same day.
27th August 1978
Army regime published another white paper against misuse of media means in
11th September 1978
Ms Benazir Bhutto toured NWFP and addressed public meetings in different
14th September 1978
Gen. Zia became the President of Pakistan after the resignation of President
16th September 1978
Gen. Zia-ul-Haq took oath of President in military uniform. Ex-president
Fazal Elahi said in an interview that he had resigned because he did not
want to become party to the amendments in the constitution. Secondly that he
came to know that Gen. Zia was not sincere in holding elections.
24th September 1978
Miss Benazir Bhutto announced in a Worker's meeting at Laghari house that
she was assuming party leadership as per her father's will. Subsequently she
toured NWFP and Punjab provinces.
1st October 1978
Widespread agitation erupted in which students were on the forefront.
Universities and colleges were closed in Sindh. Party workers did
self-immolation in Lahore, Faisalabad and Gujranwala for the release of Mr.
Bhutto. Parvez Yaqub of Gujranwala died due to burns followed by five
14th October 1978
Miss Benazir Bhutto was arrested during her Punjab tour and was detained.
Scores of party leaders were arrested. PPP launched protest for the
restoration of democracy and release of Mr. Bhutto. Workers offered
themselves for arrest.
17th October 1978
Gen. Zia amended the political parties act banning formation of political
party which were against the ideology of Pakistan or worked against
integrity and solidarity of Pakistan or against norms of society or
jeopardize law and order or if funded by foreign country. This was meant to
give establishment the powers to ban any political party on any pretext.
3rd November 1978
Maulana Kausar Niazi named his faction as Progressive People's Party.
18th November 1978
Lahore high court declared Begum Nusrat Bhutto's detention illegal and
ordered her release.
1st December 1978
Begum Nusrat Bhutto after meeting Mr. Bhutto announced that Bhutto was sure
that Zia will hang him and he did not want to make mercy appeal if Supreme
Court held the verdict.
5th December 1978
Justice Waheed-ud-din was dropped due to illness from the bench hearing
Bhutto appeal. It was considered that these judges were in favour of
Bhutto's an acquittal. Now it was a bench of seven judges. Yahya Bakhtiar
challenged the formation of new bench. Court rejected his plea.
18th to 21st December 1978
Z.A. Bhutto gave his defense statement and pinpointed Lahore high court's
bias against him. He said he was innocent and knew nothing about Nawab Ahmed
Khan's murder case.
23rd December 1978
Proceedings on appeal were completed and court reserved verdict.
15th January 1979
Three volumes of white papers on Bhutto's govt. working were released to
influence the court verdict.
5th February 1979
Begum Nusrat Bhutto was detained at her residence. Husbands and thousands of
PPP activists were arrested showing the intention of the regime and the
6th February 1979
Supreme Court held the High Court decision and rejected Bhutto's appeal.
Chief justice Anwar ul Haq announced the decision given by majority judges.
It was a split verdict of four to three. Justice Safdar Shah, Justice Durab
Patel and Justice M. Haleem acquitted Bhutto. Same day Yahya Bakhtiar met
Bhutto and announced that Bhutto would not file mercy petition.
10th February 1979
World leaders especially leaders of Muslim countries appealed for sparing
Bhutto's life, but Gen. Zia was not moved. He announced so-called Islamic
system to divert world attention.
13th & 14th February 1979
Yahya Bakhtiar in the Supreme Court of Pakistan filed review petition on
Bhutto's behalf. It was admitted.
17th February 1979
Fakhar Zaman Ex- Senator was arrested and sent to Sahiwal Jail.
19th February 1979
Abdul Hafeez Pirzada filed an application in the Supreme Court requesting
the court to include justice Waheed-ud-din and justice Qaiser Khan in the
bench who were supposed to hear the review petition.
24th February 1979
Abdul Hafeez Pirzada's application was rejected. Court started hearing the
review petition. The bench was the same, which rejected Bhutto's appeal.
Yahya Bakhtiar pleaded the reduction of sentence on the basis of split
28th February 1979
New wave of arrests took place. PPP's Senator and known writer Fakhar Zaman
was arrested. His five books had been banned by Army regime and forcibly
lifted from bookshops and burnt.
1st March 1979
Gen. Zia ul Haq while talking to the journalists said that Bhutto's case had
nothing to do with politics. One hundred fifty people had been hanged in his
regimes period. Appeal by world leaders for one 'criminal' on humanitarian
ground had no justification.
8th March 1979
Bhutto's first wife Amir Begum met him in the jail.
4th March 1979
Distinguished lawyer and Bhutto's advocate Ghulam Ali Memon died of heart
12th March 1979
Judgment on Bhutto's review petition was reserved.
23rd March 1979
Gen. Zia announced holding of election on 17th November 1979.
24th March 1979
Supreme Court rejected Review Petition but stressed that president can
change death sentence into life imprisonment on these arguments. Abdul
Hafeez Pirzada informed Bhutto about the decision. Same evening Pirzada got
married for the second time. Same day Begum Nusrat Bhutto and Miss Benazir
Bhutto were brought from Sihala and allowed to meet Bhutto in Rawalpindi
jail, while standing out side the prison bars. On 24th March 1979
superintendent jail received black warrants of Bhutto and four other
28th March 1979
Justice Safdar Shah told BBC's correspondent that recommendations given in
decision of review petition were clear. They were in fact directives to the
establishment for sparing Bhutto's life. PPP executive committee met at
Jatoi's home under the Presidentship of Yasin Wattoo, General Secretary of
This meeting ended without any decision. While workers were demanding
outside Jatoi house of leaders to come out and start agitation to save
Mother of Arshad Iqbal convicted co-accused demanded mercy for four accused
except Bhutto. Ahmed Raza Kasuri demanded execution of Bhutto. Abdul Hafeez
Pirzada filed an application to president asking him to use section 45 of
constitution for changing death sentence to life imprisonment for Bhutto.
Pirzada told the press that Bhutto had told him that he was prepared for
death and would not file mercy petition. Amir Begum met Bhutto in jail while
Bhutto's sister Sher Bano Imtiaz filed mercy petition for her brother's life
to the president.
3rd April 1979
Begum Nusrat Bhutto and Benazir Bhutto met Z.A. Bhutto in jail. Meeting
lasted for three hours. When both came out from jail they were informed that
this was their last meeting with Bhutto. Same day Mumtaz Ali Bhutto informed
the press that district tehsildar had asked his father to pinpoint the place
where they wanted to bury Bhutto.
4th April 1979
Bhutto was executed around 2 a.m. before official time of hanging between
the night of 3rd and 4th April. His execution became controversial. It is
general belief that be was tortured to death before hanging. His body was
flown to Larkana and buried under army supervision. Begum Bhutto and Benazir
Bhutto detained at Sihala rest house, were not allowed to see his body or
participate in the funeral. Radio Pakistan broke this news at 11 AM
bulletin. Pakistan's first democratically elected Prime Minister was
murdered judicially by a fascist megalomania.
5th April 1979
People came out and protested against this judicial murder.
29th May 1979
Begum Nusrat Bhutto and Benazir Bhutto were released. News spread like
jungle fire and people started pouring in to condole death with them. Miss
Benazir Bhutto met them and assured them that they will continue the
struggle. She pledged to complete Bhutto mission. She also announced that
she would give Bhutto's message to people of Pakistan in a public meeting.
3rd June 1979
Begum Bhutto announced that if people of Pakistan desired and voted for her,
she would not hesitate to resume the responsibilities of Prime Minister
5th June 1979
Finance Minster of Gen. Zia's regime, Ghulam Ishaq Khan presented federal
budget. Through these budget prices of cement, petrol, furnace oil, and ghee
were increased. The public at large resented this increase.
4th July 1979
Black day was observed against the budget. Miss Benazir Bhutto said that
budget was a white paper a PNA's ministers and Gen. Zia's regime.
8th July 1979
Complete strike was observed throughout country against the budget.
20th July 1979
Central Executive after meeting at Karachi announced expulsion of party
traitors Kasur Niazi and others.
24th July 1979 to August 1979
Miss Benazir Bhutto contacted workers who assured her to keep up the
13th August 1979
Begum Nusrat Bhutto started mass contact campaign after completion of
mourning period. She told workers that her husband was killed not hanged,
because there were no signs of hanging on his neck.
30th August 1979
Gen. Zia proclaimed new political parties' law making it compulsory for all
political parties to get themselves registered with election commission. He
also informed that he was being advised not to hold election.
13th September 1979
Gen. Zia constitution advisor resigned.
25th September 1979
Local Govt. non-party election was held followed by massive rigging
complaints. On the same day election commission announced schedule for
general election. As per this schedule 17th November 1979 was polling date
for general election.
26th September 1979
Very next day after election commission announcement Gen. Zia said that 17th
November date for election is not given in the holy book and it can be
3rd October 1979
Nomination papers of all the candidates of political parties including PPP,
which are not registered with election commission, were rejected. The lists
include papers of Miss Benazir Bhutto, Begum Nusrat Bhutto, Gen. Tikka Khan,
Yahya Bakhtiar, Maulana Mufti Mehmood and Sardar Qayyum.
6th October 1979
In spite of rejection of papers of its candidates, PPP demanded election as
13th October 1979
Gen. Zia announced election program but without any polling date.
16th October 1979
Gen. Zia postponed election for the indefinite period. All political parties
were declared unlawful under second amendment in constitution. Scores of
political leaders and workers were arrested. Military tribunals were formed.
Right of appeal against military court decision was withdrawn. High court
and Supreme Court authority was contained. Strikes were banned. Newspapers
were put under censor, while publication of those papers was opposing Army
regime was stopped.
21st October 1979
Justice Aslam Riaz Hussain of Supreme Court admitted a petition challenging
arrest of Air Martial (Retd) Asghar Khan and forwarded the same to chief
justice of Pakistan for constitution bigger bench for hearing. In the
petition it was pleaded that as per Begum Nusrat Bhutto can beyond 1973
constitution, when president has postponed election for indefinite period,
law of necessity became invalid human basic rights of citizens stood
restored. Hence Air Martial Asghar Khan detention was illegal.
22nd November 1979
American Embassy was burnt in Islamabad showing the hatred of Pakistani
31st January 1980
American Secretary of foreign affairs declared three spheres of American
concern, Kingdoms of Gulf, Pakistan and China.
18th March 1980
A military conspiracy against Gen. Zia was unearthed.
31st April 1980
Gen. Faiz Ali Chishti was retired.
12th April 1980
Begum Nusrat Bhutto and Miss Benazir Bhutto were released after six-month
27 May 1980
Through Presidential ordinance supreme courts power were taken away. Power
regarding review of military court decisions and acts of martial-law
authorities were taken. This ordinance was made effective from the back
02-12 July 1980
Balochistan High Court declared constitution section 212-A against the
parameters fixed by Supreme Court of Pakistan through Begum Bhutto case.
This section was incorporated through an amendment and it related to powers
of high courts.
5 July 1980
Shiite Community protested effectively against regime.
1 October 1980
Miss Benazir Bhutto showed willingness to form an alliance with PNA.
8 December 1980
Balochistan high courts issued stay order against death sentence given to
Abdul Hameed Baloch by military court. In this case the military court
committed irregularities. Name of the person murdered by Abdul Hameed was
changed twice and every time the person was found alive.
5th January 1981
PPP workers were arrested on 6th July in Libya conspiracy case.
6th February 1981
Movement for restoration of democracy was formed.
21st February 1981
Many leaders of MRD were arrested. MRD demanded Gen. Zia resignation and
announced general strike on 23rd March.
2nd March 1981
PIA plane was hijacked and taken to Kabul. Hijackers demanded release of
fifty-five political prisoners. Miss Benazir Bhutto condemned hijacking.
8th March 1981
Gen. Zia used this act of hijacking against MRD leaders. Only in March 1981
six thousand leaders and workers of MRD were arrested. Benazir Bhutto was
also arrested and kept in solitary confinement in Sukkur Jail.
15th March 1981
Govt. accepted hijacker demands and sent 55 political prisoners out of
country. Many were resisting deportation but they were forcibly deported.
24th to 27th March 1981
Senior vice president of PPP Sindh Parvez Ali Shah was arrested in hijacking
case. He was taken to torture cell of CIA known as 555.
24th March 1981
Zia ul Haq promulgated provisional constitution order 1981. Through this all
acts done by military govt. were validated. Articles regarding presidential
powers were retained; all others section related to elections, parliament
and basic rights were excluded. Through article 16 president has assumed
power to amend constitution. Through this article independence of judiciary
was jeopardizing. All political parties including PPP were banned. Through
this order no act of military regime could be challenged in any court of
law. P.C.O in fact destroyed the parameters set by Supreme Court decision in
Begum Nusrat Bhutto case. Through this order all the orders passed by higher
courts against military courts decision were canceled. This includes Hameed
25th March 1981
All judges of supreme and high courts were asked to take fresh oath under
PCO. Many judges opted not to take oath including Justice Duryab Patel,
Justice Fakhar ud Din Ibrahim. They wrote in their letters to Zia ul Haq
that they were following the voice of their conscious.
1st April 1981
Ex-attorney General of Pakistan Yahya Bakhtiar was sentenced to five years
imprisonment by a military court for rigging 1977 election of his
constituency. Before PCO Balochistan high court had ruled that proceedings
against him were discriminatory and malifide. But both the judges who gave
this judgment were relieved.
6th April 1981
Justice Safdar Shah said Zia order had no legal value in the eyes of law.
12th April 1981
Different party leaders were arrested. Faisal Saleh Hayat residence was
raided and alleged that it was Al-Zulfiqar head office. Mir Murtaza Bhutto,
son of Late Z.A. Bhutto, formed al-Zulfiqar in Kabul. Mrs. Rana Shaukat was
arrested and kept in Lahore fort and was tortured.
13th April 1981
Gen. Zia explained the justification of PCO and said Judiciary was meant to
interpret law, not to challenge govt.
16th April 1981
Due to prolonged solitary confinement Miss Bhutto fell ill. She was taken to
Karachi for operation. Govt. had planed to kill her during operation. But a
PPP ex-minister in London through a press conference failed this plan due to
the exposure of this conspiracy.
Begum Nusrat Begum was released due to serious illness.
11th to 19th August 1981
In PIA hijacking case, trial was conducted in camera and military court
sentenced one accrued to death and other four to different years of
imprisonment. On 19th August this decision was endorsed but later on for
unknown reasons martial law administer cancelled the endorsement and
referred back the case to a five member military court with a request that
all accrued be given death sentence. Court obliged and they were executed.
15th August 1981
Miss Benazir Bhutto was shifted to Karachi jail and kept there in solitary
8th September 1981
Miss Benazir Bhutto was allowed to attend marriage of her sister Sanam
10th September 1981
Miss Benazir Bhutto was sent back to Karachi jail, and her detention was
extended for another three months.
14th September 1981
Military regime offered no-war pact to Indian.
25th September 1981
Ch. Zahoor Elahi was shot dead in Lahore. In the same incidence Moulvi
Mushtaq was seriously injured. Regime accused Al-Zulfiqar for this murder
and started another round of PPP's workers arrest.
24th December 1981
Gen. Zia formed Majlis-e-Shura and declared that immediate elections were
not in the national interest. He declared this arrangement temporary.
24th March 1982
Gen. Zia promulgated another ordinance through which special court
proceedings were to be done in camera. Divulgence of its proceeding by
lawyers to press was declared offence.
23rd September 1982
Martial law order fifty-four (54) was issued.
1st October 1982
Two thousand lawyer's conventions demanded restoration of basic rights of
citizens. Convener of conference were arrested and given one-year
imprisonment. Abdul Hafeez Lakho who was Bhutto's advocate along with
Secretary Karachi bar Association were arrested.
30th October 1982
PPP leader Dr. Ghulam Hussain while addressing a public meeting in Berlin,
Germany and condemned army dictatorship.
13th November 1982
After a delay of many months Begum Bhutto was allowed to proceed abroad for
20th November 1982
Begum Bhutto left Pakistan for treatment. Miss Benazir Bhutto was shifted to
70 Clifton Karachi to see off her mother. Here she was kept for fourteen
more months in detention.
5th December 1982
Gen. Zia toured USA, where he met President Reagan and different members of
congress. He faced lot of difficulty while meeting foreign relation
committee. Senator Paul handed over a list of political prisoners to Zia ul
Haq. Miss Benazir Bhutto name was on top of the list. He told Zia that they
are concerned about there prisoners. Zia claimed that Miss Benazir Bhutto
was living in a house better by Senator's residence and had facility of
meeting relation and friends. Even she could use telephone freely. Listening
this Senator Peter Galbraith phoned 70 Clifton and was told be a man that
Miss Benazir Bhutto was a prisoners, so she could not talk to her.
8th January 1983
President All Pakistan Trade Union Federation Mirza Ibrahim was arrested.
Gulzar Ahmed Ch. was also arrested. It was revealed that regime was planning
to dismiss thirty two thousand railway workers, and their arrests were to
prevent protest against that.
10th January 1983
Begum Bhutto met Kisan Party president Afzal Bangash and both agreed to work
together for restoration of democracy.
12th February 1983
Women procession was taken out in Islamabad against lashing of women
ordinance. In February seventeen workers of PPP were arrested for publishing
material against Army regime. Twenty-four lawyers were also arrested, while
they were coming to attend a convention for release of political prisoners.
27th March 1983
Miss Benazir Bhutto came to record statement as witness in Jam Saqi case.
She did not know him, but she continued giving answers to the questions for
two days. Answering one question whether martial law had any place in Islam,
she said Islam was to bow head in front of Allah only while in martial law
one has to bow head in front of Chief Martial Law administrator. So it is
When some leaders of PPP met Gen. Zia in his tour of Sindh, Miss Benazir
Bhutto phoned party Secretary General and asked her to expel these leaders.
While she was giving them instruction her telephone was disconnected. Ban
was imposed on her visitors.
5th July 1983
MRD observed this day as black day. Processions were taken out in different
cities and hundreds of workers were arrested.
11th August 1983
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan through a press conference asked people to
disassociate themselves from MRD movement, and struggle as per Bannu
resolution. On this NDP Secretary Gen. Ghulam Ahmed Bilour resigned from MRD.
21st August 1983
Gen. Zia announced that elections would be held in March 1985 and after that
Martial law would be lifted.
MRD started its protest from Lahore and different cities of Sindh. Miss
Benazir Bhutto wrote letter to party workers and movement gained momentum.
As per press reports from 14 to 21 August 715 workers were arrested. In
Sindh movement was the strongest. On 15th August Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi
courted arrest from regal Crossing in Karachi. After that land lords of
Sindh also came out. On 23rd August in Kumber a big procession of people got
47 prisoners released after breaking the jail. Militancy was observed in
Sindh. People attacked police and many deaths took place. Sindh Awami Think
played major role in this movement in Sindh. It appears that Sindh had
rebelled against this Military establishment. In Punjab movement was crushed
by the police but in Sindh even Army failed to crush it. Zia used three
divisions of army in Sindh to crush MRD's movement.
4th January 1984
An army plan to overthrow Gen. Zia regime was unearthed. Hundred of junior
army officers were arrested. An armed encounter took place in which one
major was shot and another injured.
10th January 1984
Miss Benazir Bhutto left abroad for treatment. Her sister Sanam Bhutto also
traveled with her. She raised political prisoner's problem during her stay
6th March 1984
Miss Benazir toured America and met Congress and Senate members and raised
human rights issue in Pakistan. Then she came back to London, which had
become head office of her activities.
1st October 1984
Air Martial Asghar Khan was released after five years detention.
5th November 1984
A military court sentenced Nasir Baloch and his three co-accused to death.
1st December 1984
Gen. Zia announced that he is holding referendum to get vote for his
19th December 1984
Gen. Zia held referendum on the question; "do Pakistani people want Islamic
system". It was stated if people's answer was yes then Gen. Zia would be
elected President for five years. With all establishment efforts very few
voters came to cast votes. But govt. declared 60% polling and announced Gen.
Zia stood elected president for five years.
8th January 1985
Gen. Zia proclaimed martial law order 65, through which, any person can be
restrained from taking part in political activities.
19th January 1985
MRD central committee announced boycott of general elections.
25th February 1985
Non-party general election was held. All political parties boycotted these
elections. Regime announced fifty three percent voting. But as per PPP
estimate polling was between 10 to 24 %.
1st March 1985
Majlis-e-Shura was dissolved.
2nd March 1985
After amending constitution at will Zia announced its restoration.
5th March 1985
Nasir Baloch was hanged. His funeral was baton charged.
23rd March 1985
Mohammed Khan Junejo took oath as Prime Minister of Pakistan. Zia ul Haq
also took fresh oath.
24th March 1985
Prime Minister declared that Martial law and civil govt. couldn't co-exist.
7th April 1985
Ghulam Mustafa Jotai was released.
30th May 1985
NWFP Assembly demanded lifting of martial law.
1st March 1985
Punjab assembly also demanded lifting of martial law.
18th July 1985
Shah Nawaz Bhutto was found dead in his room at his residence in France. All
family members were present there. Later on it was found, that death was due
to poisoning. It was beloved that some agent of Zia did that.
26th July 1985
Ayaz Sumroo was hanged.
21st August 1985
Shah Nawaz Bhutto's body was handed over to the family. Army regime
reluctantly allowed his burial in Pakistan. Miss Benazir Bhutto brought his
body to Pakistan, and buried him in family graveyard in Garhi Khuda Bukhsh
beside his father's grave.
27th August 1985
Miss Benazir Bhutto was arrested from 70 Clifton Karachi.
18th October 1985
National assembly adopted 8th amendment of constitution, giving legal cover
to all martial law acts. Through this amendment President was given power to
dissolve the govt.
21st October 1985
Processions demanding Miss Benazir Bhutto's release were disbanded. People
were stopped to attend a public meeting of MRD in Karachi and leaders of MRD
were arrested after Wards.
22nd October 1985
Miss Benazir Bhutto was informed during detention that widow of Shah Nawaz
Bhutto had been arrested.
3rd November 1985
Miss Benazir Bhutto came to know from newspapers that she had been called to
an inquiry of her brother's death. She immediately wrote to the regime that
she wanted to go and it was Army, which was stopping her. She asked the
Military regime to tell the court in France. After this letter she was
released and allowed to go to France.
30th December 1985
Gen. Zia announced lifting of martial law and restoration of basic rights.
But he remained the Chief of Army staff.
January to March 1986
Bhutto's trustworthy servant Noor Mohammed and his eleven years old niece
were murdered. He had sent a message to Miss Benazir Bhutto that agency
people were chasing him.
Miss Bhutto toured USA and sought help for restoration of real democracy.
Then she went to perform Umra, as per her father's wish. Then she went to
Russia on invitation of a Women Organization of Russia.
17th March 1986
Abdul Ghaffar Lakhani challenged Gen. Zia's holding of president-ship and
chief of Army staff slots in Sindh High Court.
10th April 1986
Miss Benazir Bhutto came to Pakistan after long exile. She landed in Lahore
where she was given unprecedented welcome. A mob of one million people
11th April 1986
In an interview with London Times Miss Benazir Bhutto said that she did not
believe in revenge and that she wanted to build her country. She said that
last day mob was capable of over-throwing Army regime. A retired Major
entered her room at her residence. He was arrested but Army declared that he
was a mad person but kept him in prison for some times.
12th April to 3rd May 1986
Miss Benazir Bhutto toured Punjab along with a very big procession.
15th April 1986
Sunday Times wrote that Miss Benazir Bhutto had won first round of battle
for democracy. Miss Benazir Bhutto also went to Peshawar where she was given
again a very warm welcome.
3rd & 4th May 1986
Miss Benazir Bhutto arrived in Karachi where lacs of people received her.
Then she started Sindh tour. Zia threatened to impose Martial Law if any
confrontation took place. Miss Benazir Bhutto also went to Quetta where she
was given warm welcome.
8th to 26th May 1986
Because Muslim League was formed in 1986 and was not registered with
election commission, hence Speaker National Assembly Fakhar Imam and Speaker
Sindh Assembly Abdullah Hussain Haroon challenged P.M. and Sindh C.M. and
forty-five members of Sindh assembly's membership. On 8th May Election
Commission issued notice. But Zia issued an ordinance making the petition
anfractuous. Prime Minister Janejo tabled no confidence motion against
Speaker Fakhar Imam.
2nd June 1986
National Assembly debated Gen. Zia's extension as Chief of Army Staff.
5th July 1986
PPP observed 5th July as black day.
10th August 1986
Nine leaders of MRD assembled in 70 Clifton Karachi and prepared a plan for
taking part in election jointly. They demanded election under 1973
13th August 1986
Miss Benazir Bhutto entry into Punjab was banned and Kikri ground of Karachi
was also sealed to prevent PPP public meeting on Independence Day. One
thousand workers of MRD were arrested. Section 144 was imposed in Karachi
and in other seven districts of Sindh.
14th August 1986
PPP's movement for restoration of democracy was launched. People played hide
and seek with police in streets of Karachi. Miss Benazir Bhutto appeared in
Layari, where she addressed a big gathering. Police tear-gassed and baton
charged to disperse the mob but failed. Same day she was detained for a
After 14th August the movement gained momentum. People became militant. Six
people in Lahore and 16 in Sindh were killed. This situation took worst turn
when 30 workers were killed in Sindh. People burnt railway station and
blocked rail track.
15th August 1986
U.S. and West Germany condemned Miss Bhutto's detention.
19th August 1986
Foreign office declared this condemnation as interference in Pakistan's
23rd August 1986
Case of sedition was registered against Miss Benazir Bhutto and nine others.
1st September 1986
Miss Benazir Bhutto challenged her detention in a constitutional petition.
9th September 1986
Miss Benazir Bhutto was released. She addressed party workers the same day.
11th January 1987
Fazil Rahu leader of Sindhi Awami Tehrik was murdered in his village.
30th January 1987
A murder attempt was made on Miss Benazir Bhutto when she was going to
Larkana from Karachi. Security guards of Miss Benazir Bhutto were kidnapped.
Army said it was a simple case of dacoity and security guards were released
9th March 1987
Miss Benazir Bhutto assured the press freedom if she came to power in a book
launching ceremony at press club Karachi.
29th July 1987
Miss Benazir Bhutto consented to marriage proposal as per family
17th December 1987
Miss Benazir Bhutto was married to Asif Ali Zardari. Asif Ali Zardari gave a
reception at this occasion in Kikri ground Karachi in which thousand of
27th February 1988
Gen. Zia warned foreign minister of Junejo's govt. not to sign Geneva
10th April 1988
Ojhari Camp depot was blasted. Heavy damage of property and life occurred.
It is believed that Akhtar Abdul Rehman, ISI, Chief and other officer of
army were involved in this blast to cover the shortage of ammunition.
29th May 1988
Gen. Zia dissolved assemblies and Junejo's govt. on allegation of
corruption, worst law and order situation and slow process of Islamization.
But interestingly took eight ministers of the same cabinet in new setup.
5th June 1988
Gen. Azam Khan alleged that Gen. Zia had made Army a political party.
15th July 1988
Gen. Zia declared Islamic law as the supreme law.
21st July 1988
Gen. Zia announced general elections for 16th
November 1988, on non-party basis. Same day Fakhar Zaman issued an Eid-card
with his famous poem - "usurper this is your last Eid". Only after few days
this prediction became true.
1st August 1988
Miss Benazir Bhutto challenged nonparty elections in the Supreme Court
through a writ petition.
17th August 1988
C-130 plane carrying Gen. Zia ul Haq, American ambassador Arnold Rafael,
Gen. Akhtar Abdul Rehman and many other high ranking army officers crashed,
killing all on board. This way the darkest period of Pakistan history ended.
17th August 1988
This date marks the end of an era and the beginning of another. People felt
relieved. Daily Nation wrote Gen. Zia was a dictator who had ceased power
through illegal means and perpetuated through fraudulent referendum. Then he
gave a civilian set up with the choice of system carved by him. But before
his death he dismissed his hand picked Prime Minister. He used Islam to
perpetuate his rule. He had destroyed every institution of our society. His
rule was a nightmare.
Same day Senate Chairman Ghulam Ishaq Khan resumed president ship and Gen.
Aslam Beg was made Chief of Army staff. After few days all the political
prisoners were released.
Lahore High Court full bench declared that dissolution of national and
provincial assemblies was unjustified but since new elections are scheduled
so court doesn't want to stop the process. Elections are the best way to
know the public opinion but they should be held on party basis.
Elections were held on party basis. On one side was eight party alliance and
on the other PPP. As per results PPP won 94 seats out of 207and I.J.I. won
54. Ghulam Mustafa Jotai, Pir Pagro and Muhammad Khan Junejo lost from their
home constituency. As per normal practice president was bound to invite PPP
to from govt. but he delayed it for two weeks to give time to IJI to muster
the support of other group. He met different leaders and tried to keep PPP
away from power. His effort failed and at last he asked PPP Co-Chairperson
Benazir Bhutto to form govt. After eleven years PPP recaptured power.
Miss Benazir Bhutto took oath as Prime Minister. She addressed nation same
evening in which she announced to restore trade unions, student unions,
better health facilities for people, opportunities of job for youth, useful
and pragmatic foreign policy. She also announced repelling of laws
prejudicial to women right.
12th December 1988
Ghulam Ishaq Khan was elected president with the help of PPP. He got 348
votes while Nawabzada Nasrullah Khan got 91. Pakistan Peoples Party N.W.F.P.
and Awami National Party condemned dismissal of Balochistan assembly.
21st December 1988
Miss Benazir Bhutto declared dismissal of Balochistan assembly a conspiracy
against democracy. She revealed in the presence of Wali Khan, Nawabzada
Nasrullah and Fazal ur Rehman that she was pressurized to pull out of PPP,
ANP alliance in NWFP also.
29th December to 31st December 1988
SARC conference was held in Islamabad. Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto,
inaugurated and asked for the end of arms race, so that money could be spent
on people, welfare.
3rd January 1989
BBC viewer declared prime Minster Benazir Bhutto" women of 1988". This honor
had previous year been given to Mrs. Margaret Thatcher.
7th January 1989
Miss Benazir Bhutto was extended an invitation to visit Russia.
23rd January 1989
Balochistan High Court restored Balochistan assembly.
11th January 1989
On the invitation of Prime Minister of China, Prime Minister Mrs. Benazir
Bhutto toured China.
12th February 1989
President of France assured Mrs. Benazir Bhutto his country, support in the
field of Atomic Energy, in a meeting in Tokyo.
20th April 1989
News print quota system was abolished. This act damaged the interest of the
owners of the big newspapers which were earning million through quota
system. Mrs. Benazir Bhutto said quota system was being used to curb press
freedom in the past, so we are abolishing it to give freedom to press. But
big newspapers used this freedom to destabilize the government. A vicious
propaganda campaign was launched by the big newspapers and continued it till
the end of her govt.
23rd May 1989
University of Edinburgh, Pennsylvania decided to grant an honorary degree to
Mrs. Benazir Bhutto Prime Minister of Pakistan.
24th May 1989
Benazir Bhutto toured Turkey to strengthen relations between two brotherly
25th May 1989
Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto officially toured USA, where she addressed the
5th June 1989
Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto paid an official visit to U.K. and France.
These tours enhanced Pakistan's image.
11th July 1989
Public Accounts Committee Chairman, Hakim Ali Zardari held press conference
and revealed corruption by different govt. and private companies. He listed
different examples and hoped some action in near future will be taken to
retrieve the looted wealth.
19th July 1989
Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto addressed Baba Farid conference held in Lahore
organized by Syed Afzal Haider and stressed the need of promoting regional
culture. She also praised Afzal Haider efforts in this regard.
23rd July 1989
Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto supported Sri Lanka's demand for withdrawal of
Indian armed forces from Sri Lanka.
10th October 1989
Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto visited Bangladesh on the invitation of
President Irshad of Bangladesh.
24th October 1989
Conspiracies were being hitched against PPP's govt. and at last a motion of
no confidence was moved with the backing of president against PPP govt. in
2nd November 1989
Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto failed this move with the help of party
stalwarts and alliance of other parties. No confidence motion was rejected.
13th November 1989
UN Fund for Development of Women selected Mrs. Benazir Bhutto for 1989,
25th January 1990
Bakhtwar was born to Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.
15 May 1990
Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto toured eight Islamic countries to muster
support for Pakistan on Kashmir dispute. These countries were Iran, North
Yemen, Turkey, Jordan, Egypt, Libya, Syria and Tunisia. North Yemen, Iran,
Egypt and Syria announced support for Pakistan on Kashmir, Jordan shared
view with Pakistan while Prime Minister of Tunisia declared that his country
is with Pakistan in all matters.
10th July 1990
After approved of budget Prime Minister Bhutto took another tour of remain
Islamic countries. She went to Kuwait, Morocco, Bahrain and Iraq.
6th August 1990
President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dismissed PPP govt. and dissolved national and
provincial assemblies. He announced to hold fresh election on 24 October
In fact Ghulam Ishaq was not willing to hand over power to PPP on the first
place but when he had no choice he invited Mrs. Benazir Bhutto to form govt.
but started conspiracy against the govt. Opposition had the entire blessing
to move no confidence against govt. but they failed. After some time he used
his power under 8th amendment. He was preparing for this act for many
7th August 1990
President Ghulam warned he would crush with iron hand if any protest was
made against his decision.
8th August 1990
Mrs. Benazir Bhutto alleged that army was behind her government's dismissal.
11th August 1990
Pakistan Peoples Party challenged president's action in Supreme Court of
14th August 1990
Chief of army staff told the press that army had no political motives.
15th August 1990
Mrs. Benazir Bhutto demanded that speakers of dissolved assemblies must head
16th August 1990
Wali Khan supported dissolution of assemblies and demanded accountability.
18th August 1990
Mrs. Benazir Bhutto was given warm welcome in Rawalpindi. She said her party
would continue struggle for the restoration of democracy.
19th August 1990
Mrs. Benazir Bhutto addressing a press conference in Islamabad said that
within two years two prime ministers were removed and two parliaments were
dismissed. This will not only harm democracy but it will damage the
country's solidarity and integrity. She said dismissal of her govt. was a
well thought out plan prepared months back. She counted the achievements of
her government and demanded impartial caretaker government headed by
speakers of defunct assemblies.
21st August 1990
Benazir Bhutto got warm welcome at Lahore. Peshawar High Court accepted for
hearing a petition challenging dissolution of assembly.
22nd August 1990
Sindh High Court ruled detention of Asif Ali Zardari and Iqbal Memon
23rd August 1990
President Ishaq formed tribunal to try Pakistan Peoples Party leadership.
25th August 1990
A group of lawyers challenged establishment of accountability courts through
29th August 1990
Mrs. Benazir Bhutto said in a press conference in Peshawar that
accountability courts were established to keep PPP out of political process.
30th August 1990
PPP entered into an alliance with Tehrik-e-Istaqlal and
2nd September 1990
PPP ex-minister Ghulam Akbar Lasi was arrested.
4th September 1990
References were filed against Ghulam Muhammad Manika, Jahangir Bader and
5th September 1990
Jam Sadiq Ali announced to form a progressive block in PPP.
10th September 1990
Two references were filed against Benazir Bhutto. PPP, Tehrik Istaqlal and
TJFP expanded alliance by including Muslim League Malik Qasim group and
named it Pakistan democratic Alliance "PDA".
12th September 1990
Two more references were filed against Mrs. Benazir Bhutto.
18th September 1990
Mrs. Benazir Bhutto demanded Ghulam Ishaq Khan's resignation.
19th September 1990
Ghulam Mustafa Khar told press that Mrs. Benazir Bhutto would not be allowed
to come in Power by this govt.
20th September 1990
Ghulam Mustafa Jotai alleged that Benazir Bhutto had sanctioned loans
amounting to Rs. 20 billion to her in-laws and friends.
21st September 1990
Lahore High Court started hearing petition against dissolution of assembly.
25th September 1990
References were filed against four ex-MNAs of PPP including Hakim Ali
26th September 1990
Peshawar High Court declared dissolution of NWFP Assembly illegal and
restored it. But after few minutes a supreme court judge on leave stayed
this decision. In fact he was on holidays and not on duty but he obliged the
government Mrs. Benazir Bhutto declared this as moral victory.
28th September 1990
Ex-minister Qurban Ali Shah was arrested.
30th September 1990
Mrs. Benazir Bhutto who had said that she did not recognize accountability
court, in Karachi and declared that she had come because she respected the
judges. Her advocate said that allegation against her were fabricated, with
malafide intention. They were meant to stop her for campaigning in election.
2nd October 1990
Reference against Mrs. Benazir Bhutto could not be heard in Justice Rashid
Aziz court in Lahore due to disturbance. Defense alleged that police present
in civil clothes was responsible for violence.
6th October 1990
Ten leaders of PPP were issued contempt of court notices in respect of 2nd
8th October 1990
Public circles declared removal of Justice Qazi Jamil politically motivated.
10th October 1990
Asif Ali Zardari was arrested in an abduction and dacoity cases. Mrs.
Benazir Bhutto declared her husband's arrest a conspiracy and feared he will
11th October 1990
Asif Ali Zardari was handed over to CIA for investigation. Supreme Court
Peshawar bench confirmed its stay order against Peshawar High Court
restoring NWFP Assembly.
14th October 1990
Lahore high court declared valid the president's act of dissolution of
assemblies. It also validated caretaker govt. Same day arrest warrant of
Ihsan-ul-Haq Piracha ex-finance minister were issued.
15th October 1990
Election Manifesto of PDA was released. It consisted of service to Islam,
safeguarding solidarity and integrity of Pakistan, people welfare and their
involvement in government, abolition of unemployment, uplifting of rural
population and preservation of freedom of expression.
16th October 1990
Aitazaz Ahsan was beaten during hearing of reference against Mrs. Benazir
18th October 1990
Sindh High Court validated president's act of dissolution of assemblies.
21st October 1990
Asif Ali Zardari was bailed out but not released.
22nd October 1990
PPP demonstrated popularity among masses by a big election rally at the end
of election campaign, which terminated at Chauburji, Lahore. Rally was led
by Chairperson P.P.P. Mrs. Benazir Bhutto, Punjab P.P.P. president, Fakhar
Zaman, Mumtaz Rathore president P.P.P, Azad Kashmir, Jhangir Badar, Sheikh
Rafiq and others.
23rd October 1990
Asif Ali Zardari's remand was extended.
23rd October 1990
Another reference against Mrs. Benazir Bhutto for recruiting eight thousand
employees was filed.
24th October 1990
General election was held, PDA alleged rigging on large scale. With a
difference of only few thousand votes sixty seats of national assembly were
won by Muslim League. Wali Khan, Nawabzada Nasrullah Khan and Maulana
Fazal-ul-Rehman lost election.
25th October 1990
Election results were declared. IJI won 105 seats and PDA only forty-five.
27th October 1990
Elections for provincial assemblies were held. Thirty-six persons died and
107 were injured in the process.
28th October 1990
Hakim Ali Zardari alleged that election were fraud and army intelligence
agencies rigged election of 100 seats of national assembly.
29th October 1990
French observer team came to watch election. IJI rigged election with the
help of invisible hands. Mrs. Benazir Bhutto demanded re-election on 100
2nd November 1990
PDA decided its members of national assembly would take oath under protest.
3rd November 1990
PDA boycotted assembly session for not allowing Asif Ali Zardari MNA elect
to attend session. Mrs. Benazir Bhutto was elected opposition leader in
4th November 1990
PDA boycotted Sindh assembly session against abduction of its fifteen MPAs.
11th November 1990
Mrs. Benazir Bhutto appeared in Lahore High Court and demanded judicial
investigation of murder of a PPP's MPA.
14th November 1990
PPP leader Musroor Ahsan was arrested in Karachi.
17th November 1990
A court in Karachi rejected Asif Ali Zardari bail application. Mrs. Benazir
Bhutto was charge sheeted.
19th November 1990
PDA's MPAs were arrested in Sindh.
27th November 1990
PDA's MPAs joined Balochistan govt. Mrs. Benazir Bhutto expressed her anger
4th December 1990
Mrs. Benazir Bhutto protested against dismissal of persons employed in her
9th December 1990
Mrs. Benazir Bhutto gave a four points formula to end govt. opposition
confrontation. PPP worker Dr. Zafar was killed in Sindh.
16th December 1990
Sindh assembly member of PPP Mr. Manzur Wasan and many others were arrested.
In fact Sindh govt. was formed wincing PPP's MPAs by sate means.
26th December 1990
Mrs. Benazir Bhutto condemned Jam Sadiq's acts of high handedness.
27th December 1990
Jam Sadiq Chief Minister Sindh alleged that dacoits are supplied arms from
31st December 1990
Sindh High Court rejected Asif Ali Zardari's bail application.
2nd January 1991
Ghulam Mustafa Jotai ex-care taker prime minister accepted rigging in 1990
elections while disclosing that Nawabzada Nasrullah and some other leaders
were defeated in election through a conspiracy.
4th January 1991
Farooq Laghari demanded annulment of eighth amendment.
5th January 1991
PPP's workers celebrated Z.A. Bhutto birthday in all major cities of
9th January 1991
Ex-chief minister Sindh Aftab Shahban Mirani and others party workers along
with eleven students of PSF were arrested.
14th January 1991
No-confidence motion against Prime Minister of Azad Kashmir Mumtaz Hussain
Rathore was defeated.
15th January 1991
PPP took out a procession in Lahore in favour of Iraq's President Saddam
Hussain. That was led by Nawabzada Nasrullah, Sheikh Rafiq and P.P.P. Punjab
President Fakhar Zaman. P.M.L. hooligans near Anarkali attacked it.
16th January 1991
Mrs. Benazir Bhutto left for London. Sindh govt. took back sedation case
against G.M. Syed.
21st January 1991
PPP took out another procession against American interference in Iraq.
25th January 1991
Chief Minister Sindh stated in a public meeting that Benazir Bhutto should
thank President Ghulam Ishaq Khan for not directing him to arrange her
defeat in election from her hometown Larkana.
25th January 1991
PPP demanded emergency meeting of national assembly to discuss Iraq
27th January 1991
Begum Nusrat Bhutto invited all political parties of the country to unite to
demand immediate stopping of war in Gulf.
28th January 1991
PDA demonstrated protest against attack on Iraq by NATO forces. A case was
registered against Asif Ali Zardari for killing M.Q.M's workers.
30th January 1991
PDA protested against fabrication of cases against PDA's leaders in Karachi.
5th February 1991
PPP warned dire consequences if PPP govt. in Azad Kashmir was sacked.
11th February 1991
Benazir Bhutto returned home after four weeks tour of foreign countries.
16th February 1991
More PPP workers were arrested in Sindh. Ex-Chief Minister Qaim Ali Shah's
warrant of arrest issued.
19th February 1991
Sindh assembly members belonging to PPP demanded security because they are
afraid that they will be abducted in senate election.
21st February 1991
Three more Sindh assembly members were arrested.
27th February 1991
PDA expressed concern on Sindh situation.
27th February to 3rd March 1991
PDA continued boycott of national assembly to protest the arrest of Sindh
7th March 1991
Qaim Ali Shah was arrested. His bail application was rejected.
9th March 1991
PPP threatened to boycott senate election and tender resignation from
National Assembly if Sindh situation was not addressed to.
10th March 1991
Sindh assembly members belonging to PPP handed over their resignations to
14th March 1991
A Karachi Court allowed Senator Musroor Ahsan to attend senate session.
26th March 1991
Four persons at Singapore airport hijacked a Pakistan plane but the security
force killed them. Later on govt. claimed that hijackers were PPP workers
who wanted to get some PPP's leaders released. But Secretary Foreign Affairs
announced that there was no proof that PPP was involved in this hijacking.
In spite of this, police arrested scores of PPP workers.
31st March 1991
Benazir Bhutto appeared in a special court and denied use of air force plane
to transport members of national assembly during no confidence move.
4th April 1991
During death anniversary of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto pledged to
continue struggle for the have-nots.
8th April 1991
Begum Nusrat Bhutto condemned the announcement of a housing scheme at the
site of Rawalpindi jail in order to stop P.P.P to build monument at the site
where Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was hanged.
9th April 1991
PDA terminated boycott after reaching their point with IJI.
25th April 1991
Ex-Chief Minister Sindh's advisor Ghulam Abbas Chandio was arrested in
connection with hijacking.
12th May 1991
To demand resignation or removal of Jam Sadiq black day was observed in
13th May 1991
Ex-Prime Minister Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was accused of misuse of secret
funds of Rs. 95,500,000. Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto refused to give details of
use of these funds because it will harm national interest.
16th May 1991
National assembly passed Shariat bill. PDA and PKMAP voted against the bill.
Benazir Bhutto declared the bill un islamic, illegal and unconstitutional.
11th June 1991
President Ghulam Ishaq appointed Lt. General Asif Nawaz Junjua as Chief of
army staff in place of Gen. Aslam Beg. Lt. General Shamim Alam was appointed
as Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee's Chairman.
16th June 1991
National assembly passed 1991-92 budget. PPP declared it anti public budget.
18-21st June 1991
Judge anti terrorist court Nabi Sher Junejo and his two guards were shot
dead while traveling in his car. He was hearing Asif Ali Zardari case. Chief
minister Sindh as per pervious practice alleged PPP for this murder. Until
21st June, 750 active workers of PPP were arrested.
1st July 1991
Govt. ordered to arrest all the political workers who were released by the
5th July 1991
Azad Kashmir Prime Minister and PPP leader Mumtaz Rathore were sacked and
arrested. He had ordered fresh election due to rigging in 29th June
8th July 1991
President promulgated special courts ordinance.
18th July 1991
National assembly passed 12th amendment in constitution in thirty minutes.
Through this amendment government got power to establish special courts.
PPP's student leader Rahila Tiwana was released on bail. She told a tale of
horror. She was university student and president of Peoples Student
Federation, Karachi, division. Some agency person picked her up from her
residence. She was taken to CIA center and kept for many days. She was
hanged upside down for five hours. She started bleeding through nose. She
fainted. Her brother, sister and father were tortured in front of her. They
demanded from her a confession involving Benazir Bhutto and Asif Ali Zardari
in under trial cases of murder and bribe. They also asked her to confess
that Begum Nusrat Bhutto sent her to India for terrorist training. She lost
mental balance and was shifted to mental hospital after getting signature on
blank papers. She was released following strong national and international
campaign for her release.
3rd August 1991
Ex-advisor of Prime Minister confessed her involvement in rigging the
4th August 1991
PDA observed twelve hours hunger strike to protest against special courts.
17th August 1991
MQM attacked Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto's car in which some PPP's workers were
20th August 1991
PDA took out procession against the attack on Mohtarma's car and govt.
ordered judicial inquiry.
27th August 1991
Chief Minister Sindh threatened English daily Frontier post with serious
consequences, if it did not stop criticizing his govt.
29th August 1991
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto advocated new social order.
30th August 1991
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto met Nawabzada Nasrullah for taking combined steps
against IJI govt.
31st August 1991
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto met Chief of Army Staff Asif Nawaz Junjua.
15th September 1991
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto left for America.
24th September 1991
PDA issued white paper on election rigging. At least seventy seats were won
by IJI through rigging.
25th September 1991
Salman Tasir PPP leader alleged that Ittefaq Industries had taken six
hundred million rupees loans from banks.
7th October 1991
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto came back after touring America.
8th October 1991
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto demanded fresh election under impartial caretaker
12th October 1991
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto filed an application asking Supreme Court to order
shifting of all cases against her to Karachi.
15th October 1991
National assembly started discussing cooperative scandal.
16th October 1991
Supreme Court rejected Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto application for transferring
cases to Karachi.
17th October 1991
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto issued a document named "A dacoity on Pakistan's
treasury". It was stated in this document that four people Mian Nawaz Sharif
and his family, Choudhry brothers Dr. Basharat Elahi and Saifullah had
plundered the banks. It was questioned that why president was not taking
action against the corruption of this government as he had sacked Mohtarma
Benazir Bhutto's govt. on same charges. Was it not true that he himself in
19th October 1991
Wife of a political worker Easa Baloch whose case was under trial in Karachi
special court, was kidnapped when she was returning home after hearing her
husband's case. The police took her to police station and assaulted her.
24th October 1991
PDA held a big rally in Rawalpindi and announced protest demonstrations
29th October 1991
House of PDA leader Nisar Khuhro was burnt.
2nd November 1991
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto started Sindh tour.
4th November 1991
Supreme Court upheld high court decision validating dissolution of
17th November 1991
PDA held a big rally against cooperative scandal and against price hike.
19th November 1991
Chief Minister Sindh Jam Sadiq Ali came back after treatment abroad.
30th November 1991
Publication of 'Musawat' newspaper stopped.
7th December 1991
Sardar Shaukat Hayat a veteran Muslim League leader exposed the rape of her
daughter Vina Hayat and accused president's son in law and advisor of Sindh
government. As per his claim this act took place on 27th November.
10th December 1991
Women action forum took out a procession in Lahore against Vina Hayat rape
case. The procession was baton charged.
11th December 1991
PDA demanded President resignation.
12th December 1991
Sardar Shaukat Hayat demanded a commission to investigate her daughter's
case comprising three members namely Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto, Mian Nawaz
Sharif and Chief of army Asif Nawaz.
19th December 1991
Opposition protested in parliament meeting during the address of President.
A protest rally was baton charged, out side parliament building in which
fifty persons were injured.
24th December 1991
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto met speaker National Assembly to sort out issues
29th December 1991
Local bodiesí election were held. They were rigged and PDA rejected them.
2nd January 1992
PPP decided to issue white paper on local bodies election.
5th January 1992
PPP observed Bhutto's birthday throughout the country.
11th January 1992
Khurshid Begum wife of Esa Baloch appealed to Punjab to help her to get
20th January 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto demanded Jam Saudiís resignation with in twenty-four
hours. She also decided to attend all parties conference.
23rd January 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto accused President in forcing Sindh to separation.
1st February 1992
Asif Ali Zardari was allowed to attend national assembly session.
3rd February 1992
Ex-Chief Minister Sindh Qaim Ali Shah demanded governor Raj for Sindh and
trial of Jam Sadiq for sedition.
7th February 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto asked JKLF not to cross line of control and postpone
the programme for some time.
17th February 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto started agitation as per APC decision. She said this
agitation would continue till change of govt. She held rallies at Multan,
Sahiwal and others cities.
27th February 1992
Yahya Bakhtiar was elected opposition leader in the Senate.
4th March 1992
Jam Sadiq died and Muzafar Ali Shah was elected new chief minister. Jatoi
group and PDA entered in alliance in Sindh.
11th March 1992
Prime minister Nawaz Sharif sacked Ghulam Murtaza Jotai from his cabinet due
to PDA- Jatoi group alliance in Sindh.
20th March 1992
Sindh PPP withdrew support of Muzafar Shah's govt. in Sindh.
24th March 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto declared IJI's govt. economic policies harmful for
29th March 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto talked to Jatoi on future course of action.
12th April 1992
Nawabzada Nasrullah summoned APC heads meeting.
16th April 1992
Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi gave his consent on APC's agenda.
19th April 1992
Jatoi dubbed change in president's attitude about PPP positive.
5th May 1992
JI left IJI and withdrew support for Nawaz Sharif's govt.
13th May 1992
One thousand PPP workers were arrested in Hyderabad.
16th May 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto demanded debate on the killing of seven people by
naval task force.
20th May 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto showed concern on calling army in Sindh.
2nd September 1992
Govt. decided not to allow BB to give welcome address to President of
Pakistan as opposition leader in Parliament.
7th September 1992
In Karachi Begum Nusrat Bhutto met Abdul Hafeez Pirzada and discussed
possible alliance between PDA and NDA.
4th September 1992
Nawabzada Nasrullah suggested alliance between PDA, NDA and IDF.
7th September 1992
PDA boycotted parliament session during speeches of Prime Minister Nawaz
Sharif and speaker national assembly but came in when president of Iran
stood to address parliament.
12th September 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto asked the government not to waste money on Motorway.
Instead that money should be spent to build railway track and small roads
13th September 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was not allowed to speak on the issue of flood in
national assembly. So PDA boycotted the proceeding.
15th September 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto postponed her campaign of mass contact due to
floods. PDA member Sindh assembly Pir Mazhar-ul-Haq was arrested.
30th September 1992
Three alliance leaders met in Islamabad and decided to work together against
govt. without making an alliance for election. Participants were PDA, NDA
23rd September 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto toured the flooded areas. She was attacked at Multan
26th September 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto told special court in Karachi that a police officer
of CIA had informed her that a conspiracy had been hatched to kill her
husband Asif Ali Zardari while travelling to the court.
9th October 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto condemned the attack on the house of editor Sindhi
10th October 1992
Asif Ali Zardari was acquitted in six cases of alleged attacks on MQM's
27th October 1992
Eleven members of national assembly and three senators belonging to IJI
assured their help to Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto government.
30th October 1992
PDA issued its election manifesto named Islamabad declaration.
1st November 1992
PDA and NDA decided to start agitation on a common platform against govt.
2nd November 1992
Imam-e-Qaba declared women rule Islamic.
4th November 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto sent a message of congratulation to President Bill
Clinton of America on his election and said she wanted to work with him for
world peace, democracy and human rights.
7th November 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto warned that the P.M. and assemblies will not be able
to face our pressure. If our demands are not met, martial law will come.
Lahore high court rejected reference against ex-minister Tariq Rahim.
8th November 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto addressed a big rally in Faisalabad and said time
for demands was over and it was now time to for action. She appealed to the
masses to come out and send the government packing.
10th November 1992
PDA gave call for the Long March for 18th November.
11th November 1992
Preparation for long march started. Jahangir Badar, Iftikhar Gillani,
Khurshid Kusuri and Fakhar Zaman held a convention. Speakers stressed to
work hard for the success of Long March.
12th November 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto declared that people of Azad Kashmir and held
Kashmir would participate in this march. She said army would not side with
any one in this struggle. Yahya Bakhtiar disagreed with the decision of long
march and resigned.
15th November 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto said if politician did not play their due role then
some one else will do that and that Nawaz Sharif's government is finished.
Prime Minister and Chief of the Army staff discussed long march. Thousands
of PDA's workers were arrested. PPP central secretariat was sealed. Liaqat
Bagh place of rally was sealed.
17th November 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto said government is inviting martial law. Police
raided many places to arrest Begum Nusrat Bhutto in Lahore.
18th November 1992
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was stopped to proceed from Islamabad to Liaqat Bagh.
Worker accompany her were badly beaten. Even leader like Farooq Laghari was
batten changed. A large number of leaders and workers were arrested
including Ghulam Mustafa Jotai, Qaim Ali Shah, Zahid Sarfraz, Maj. Gen. (R )
Naseerullah Baber, Maulana Kasur Niazi, Malik Qasim, Aftab Sherpao, Salman
Tasir, Aitazaz Ahsan J. Salik, Jahangir Badar, Sheikh Rafiq etc. BB was able
to reach Liaqat Bagh and addressed rally, which was tear-gassed and baton
charged. She was arrested and deported to Karachi Begum Nusrat Bhutto was
also arrested on her way to Islamabad. Long March was a success. It left
great impact on national politics and led to the ouster of Nawaz Sharif.
30th November 1992
PPP completed its silver jubilee (25 years). Seminar was arranged by
cultural wing of the party in Lahore which was presided by Mohtarma Benazir
Bhutto. Speakers included Mazhar Ali Khan, Mehdi Hasan and cultural wing
president Fakhar Zaman.
18th April 1993
President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved assemblies and dismissed Nawaz
Sharif's government. He alleged Nawaz Sharif's government of corruption and
incompetence. This act of president was challenged in Supreme Court of
Pakistan by the ex Prime Minister. Balakh Sher Mazari took over as care
taker Prime Minister. Asif Ali Zardari was taken in the cabinet Supreme
Court declared president's act as illegal and extra constitutional. National
assembly and Nawaz Sharif's govt. were restored. With this verdict of the
court country was thrown in a crises.
19th July 1993
Chief of Army intervened. Prime Minister tendered his resignation after
giving advice for dissolving the assembly to the president. Ghulam Ishaq
Khan also resigned and Chairman Senate Waseem Sajjad took over as acting
Caretaker govt. headed by Moin Qureshi announced fresh election on 6th
October 1993. Election campaign was launched. Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto led
her party to victory.
6th October 1993
Elections were held for National Assembly. PPP won 86 seats, while Muslim
League got only 72.
Elections for all the four provincial assemblies were held. PPP got a total
of 175 seats in four assemblies.
20th October 1993
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was elected leader of house by securing 121 votes.
Same evening she took oath as Prime Minister of Pakistan for the second
5th December 1993
Central Executive Committee of PPP elected Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto
Chairperson of PPP in place of Begum Nusrat Bhutto.
PPP formed govt. in Sindh and Punjab as well. Later on govt. in NWFP was
also formed by the PPP with the help of its alliance.
Presidential election was held in which PPP's candidate Farooq Laghari got
majority votes and was elected President.
ACHIEVEMENT OF PPP GOVERNMENT
During the three year period 1993-96